What is periodontitis?
Periodontium – a complex of tissues surrounding and holding the tooth in the jaw consist of gum ( gingiva ), bone, periodontal ligament. Inflammation of the periodontium is called periodontitis.
The main cause of inflammatory periodontal disease is microbial plaque. Today clearly proved and interdependence between periodontal status and the level of individual oral hygiene. Periodontal tissue destruction starts with the formation of dental plaque and soft dental plaque accumulation. As their qualitative and quantitative increase, accompanied by mineralization, the process of destruction of the whole complex periodontal. Soft plaque, accumulating, especially in the cervical area and interdental spaces, makes teeth yellow, appears halitosis.
The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis – inflammation of the gums . The disease is characterized by bleeding, pain, swelling and redness of the gums, bad breath.
This is a more severe stage of periodontal disease with involvement in the inflammatory process, except gum more bone and ligaments of the tooth. In the absence of proper treatment occurs decline and destruction of bone and ligaments supporting the teeth. This leads to expose the roots, loosening of the teeth and their further loss.